Established initially as a private university, King Abdul Aziz University was converted to a state university in 1971 (1390/91 AH). It has the following Faculties: Arts and Humanities, Dentistry, Economics and Administration, Education (in Madinah), Engineering, Geology, Marine Sciences, Medicine, Meteorology, and Science.
The University awards Master’s degrees in Economics and Administration, Education, Geology, Humanities, Marine Sciences, Meteorology and the Environment, and Sciences. It awards Doctorates in Earth Sciences and Education.
The Research and Development Center (which forms part of the Faculty of Economics and Administration), the International Center for Research in Islamic Economics and the King Fahd Medical Research Center (all in Jiddah) are attached to the King Abdul Aziz University.