The University has Faculties of Islamic Law (Shari'ah), the Holy Qur'an and Islamic Studies, Da'wa and Usul Al-Din, Islamic Traditions (Hadith), Arabic Language and Islamic Preaching.
The Islamic University in Madinah is analogous to the Al-Azhar University of Cairo. It is essentially a school of Islamic theology. While, in recent years, the Al-Azhar of Cairo has expanded its field to secular programs of study such as medicine and engineering, the Islamic University in Madinah continues to focus all its resources on religious affairs.
Saudi students constitute almost 80% of the total enrollment. Foreign students have come to the Islamic University from more than 70 countries.