Forests spread south west of the Kingdom in an area of about 18 million Donum. The government has undertaken many procedures for their protection and conservation, in addition to the building of 20 nurseries in different areas to produce the necessary seedlings for the development and expansion of forests. It has planted tree barriers in the form of defensive lines to stop creeping sands, and has used trees for similar purposes alongside the main roads outside the cities in the eastern region.
Natural grazing land accounts for approximately 75% of the land in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This led the Ministry of Agriculture and Water, as it was then, to establish a center specializing in the study of the development and protection of pastures, as a basis for increasing animal resources.