- B.Sc. Geology, LeHigh University, U.S.
- M.Sc. Geology, Stanford University, U.S.
- Joined Aramco in 1947
- Supervisor, Production Department, Abqaiq 1969
- Assistant Director, then Director Production, Northern Province 1972-1975
- Vice President, Production Affairs 1975
- Vice President, Petroleum Affairs 1978
- Member, Board of Directors 1980
- Executive Vice-President, Oil and Gas Affairs 1981
- President, Saudi Aramco 1983
- Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources since 1995