, which is located at the southern end of the Abqaiq oil
field about 25 miles west of the Arabian Gulf, is an oil
town, lying on the main road from Riyadh
. The population
is largely composed of those working for Saudi Aramco
Following the discovery of the oil field in 1940, the population of Abqaiq grew rapidly. In 1995, the population was around 10,000.