1st August 2005 - Biography of King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz


The Royal Family pledged allegiance today to Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdulaziz as the King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia according to the fifth article of the statute.


King Abdullah was born in Riyadh in 1924. His first instructor was his father, the late King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al Saud, the founder of the Kingdom. At his father's school, he received his experiences in the fields of government, politics, administration and leadership. He also studied with senior religious scholars and thinkers.


King Abdullah also read extensively. He viewed reading as a method of understanding culture, theories and sciences. In view of his interest in reading, he established the King Abdulaziz Public Library in Riyadh and its sister library in Casablanca, Morocco.


King Abdullah also established, in 1405H, the National Festival of Heritage and Culture held annually in Janadriyyah.


The King's hobbies include reading, the love of desert and horse-riding. He founded the Equestrian Club in Riyadh.


King Abdullah held the following posts:


- Commander of the National Guard in 1962;


- Second Deputy Premier and Commander of the National Guard in 1975;


- Crown Prince, Deputy Premier and Commander of the National Guard in 1982;


- Chairman of the Family Council;


- Chairman of the Economic Supreme Council;


- Deputy Chairman of Supreme Council for Petroleum and Minerals Affairs;


- Chairman of Prince Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Foundation for His Parents for Developmental Housing;


- Chairman of King Abdulaziz and His Companions Foundation for the Gifted;


- Chairman of the Equestrian Club.


King Abdullah is greatly interested in Arab and Muslims' affairs and is keen on their unity. He believes that Islam is a strong pillar for the unity of Arab and Muslim nations.


To contain differences and to achieve rapprochement, King Abdullah has visited all Arab countries and some Islamic nations. He has also provided all possible assistance for them.


King Abdullah has also visited many friendly countries to enhance the Kingdom's relations with them and has headed the Kingdom's delegations to a number of summits and regional and international conferences.

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